16th and 17th Century Poetry
3rd Year (Brief Suggestion)
আপনাদের বোঝার সুবিধার্থে ছোট করে দেওয়া হলো
1. Give an example of romantic epic/allegorical poem.
Ans- The Faerie Queene.
2. What is Pandemonium?
Ans- The name of the capital of Satan’s empire designed by the demonic architect Mulciber.
3. Who is known as the poet’s poet?
Ans- Edmund Spenser.
4. What is hyperbole?
Ans- A figure of speech in which an exaggerated statement is made for effect and not intended to be taken.
5. Who is Dagon?
Ans- The national god of the Philistines.
6. What is the meaning lf ‘canonization’?
Ans- According to Christianity, the term ‘canonization’ means to proclaim a person to be a saint after his death by a canon law, and to be fully honored as such.
7. What is the expectation of Herbert from Christ in Easter Wing?
Ans- Christ’s favor to rise, like a lark, to a higher state.
8. Why do the poet call Twicknam Garden a ‘true paradise’?
Ans- The garden is enriched by vernal beauty.
9. What type of lady id the ‘Coy Mistress’?
Ans- She is a shy lady who hesitates to respond quickly to her lover’s advances.
10. How did God purge the poet of his sins?
Ans- In the poet’s opinion, God had punished him with sickness and shame to purge him of his sins.
11. What does the phoenix symbolizes?
Ans- The immortality of the love of the poet and his beloved.
12. Who is Gloriana?
Ans- The queen of the Fairy land.
13. What does the monster Error symbolizes?
Ans- Error of mistakes, committed by human beings in the course of their living.
14. What is allegory?
Ans- A story with a surface and deeper meaning.
15. Which age did Milton belongs to?
Ans- Puritan age.
16. How do you define an epic?
Ans- An epic is a ling narrative poem in grand style, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic figures.
17. What is the central theme of the poem “The Definition of Love”?
Ans- Divine love or true live.
18. What do you mean by “vegetable love”?
Ans- A kind of love which is characterized by growth like vegetables and plants.
19. What does the “Collar” symbolizes?
Ans- The rigorous discipline of priestly life.
20. What is conceit?
Ans- A simile or a comparison between two dissimilar things.
21. What is chaos?
Ans- The disordered state of unformed matter and infinite space, supposed to have existed prior to the ordered universe according to some religious cosmological views.
22. What is the nature of true love?
Ans- True love is unaffected by time and space. It knows no division of time, like hours, days, months, seasons which are nothing but scraps of eternity.
23. Who is Satan?
Ans- The chief adversary of God and mankind. His synonym is devil.
24. What is the theme of the epic “Paradise Lost”?
Ans- Fall of man.
25. What is the nature of the poem “The Collar”?
Ans- A religious poem.
26. How did the poet become nearer to God?
Ans- Having been cleansed of his sin.
27. What is the theme of the poem “Easter Wings”?
Ans- The poet utter moral and spiritual degeneration of human race and seeks salvation through Jesus Christ.
28. How does Marvell define his utter frustration in love?
Ans- “Magnanimous Despair”.
29. What is the nature of the poet’s love in the poem “The Definition of Love”?
Ans- Perfect and divine.
30. What is the true nature of Donne’s love in “Canonization”?
Ans-Must be based on both body and soul.
31. “For God’s sake hold your tongue, and let me love”– why does the poet say this?
Ans- Donne says this to some friend of his, who is trying to dissuade him from making love to his beloved.
32. Who was assigned the task of rescuing Una’s parents?
Ans- Una’s parents.
33. What is the theme of “The Sun Rising”?
Ans- The self-sufficient nature of love.
34. Who is the Red Cross Knight?
Ans- The hero of Book one of The Faeire Queene.
35. Who is Beelzebub?
Ans-The prince of Hell, next to Satan in power.
36. What foes Una stand for?
Ans- Truth, Goodness and Wisdom.
37. What is ‘Carpe Diem’ theory?
Ans– It means understanding the ruthless march of time and knowing how to enjoy the present moment.
38. What does the word ‘Valediction’ mean?
39. How did Lady Una look?
Ans- A beautiful woman riding on a white ass beside the Knight, hidden under a veil, dressed in a black long robe.
40. What different types of allegories are blended together in “The Faerie Queene”?
Ans– Moral and spiritual allegory, religious allegory and personal and political allegory.
41. Who was Moloch?
Ans- One of the fallen angels, became the god of Ammonites.
42. What is metaphysical poetry?
Ans- Poetry that deals with metaphysical subjects like the nature of the universe, the movement of the stars and planets, about God and human beings.
43. What is “Easter Wing”?
Ans- A poem by Herbert.
44. Where was the prison for the fallen angels made?
Ans- In the lowest part of chaos which is far from the light of God.
45. Which god wants sacrifice of the children?
46. Why is hell a better place for living in for Satan?
Ans- Because he can reign in Hell.
47. Who built pandemonium?
Ans- The fallen angels under the leadership of Mammon.
48. Which age did Spenser belong to?
Ans- Elizabethan age.
49. What is love’s wine?
Ans- according to poet, his tears are love’s wine.
50. What does the phrase ‘Times winged chariot’ signify?
Ans- The fleeting nature of time and shortness of human life.
51. What is hyperbole?
Ans- A figure of speech in which an exaggerated statement is made for effect and not intended to be taken literally.
52. “Have I no harvest but a thorn?” In which poem do you notice this line?
Ans- “The Collar”.
53. Why Egypt is called the land of the Nile?
Ans- Because it owes its fertility to the river Nile.
54. What is pattern poem?
Ans– A verse which the lines are arranged in an unusual configuration, usually to convey or extend the emotion content of the words.
55. How does Donne address Sun at the beginning of “The Sun Rising”?
Ans- ‘Busy old fool.’
56. Whom does Milton invoke in “Paradise Lost”, Book I?
Ans- The Heavenly Muse or God.
57. What is the meaning of the word “Beelzebub”?
Ans- “The Lord of Flies”.
58. What is the capital of Satan?
59. What is Milton’s aim in writing “Paradise Lost”?
Ans- To justify the ways of God to men.
60. What is Leviathan? In which poem do you find it?
Ans- The monstrous sea-creature is found in “Paradise Lost”.
61. What is ‘manna’?
Ans– The heavenly food supplied to the Israelites in the wilderness.
62. What did the monster Error vomit?
Ans- A horribly foul smelling black poison, full of lumps of flesh, books, papers, frogs and toads without eyes, which crept about in the grass.
63. Who was Hecate?
Ans- The queen of the underworld or Hell.
64. Where is Humber situated?
Ans- In Humberside, North-East England.
65. What is the distance between Heaven and Hell?
Ans- Three times the distance between the earth, the centre of the Universe, and the northernmost omit of the Universe.
66. What does the Knight of the Red Cross represent in “The Faerie Queene”?
Ans- Holiness and the reformed Church of England.
67. Who is ‘The infernal Serpent’ in “Paradise Lost”?
68. What are larks in “Easter Wing”?
Ans- A bird that always flies upward in the sky.
69. What does Marvell mean by ‘The conjunction of the Mind’?
70. How did Satan fall in hell?
Ans- As Satan leads a group of angels to rebel against God out of envy, God cast him down to Hell.
71. What does Archimago symbolize?
Ans- The hypocrisy and plots of the Roman Catholicism against Anglicanism or the English Church.
72. Who is referred to as Briton Prince in “The Faerie Queene”?
Ans- Prince Arthur.
73. What does the poet compare his bedroom to?
Ans- A world.
74. Why are the East and West Indies famous?
Ans- Spices and their diamond and other mineral substances.
75. What was Herbert’s reply to God’s calling him ‘Child’?
Ans- “My Lord”.
76. What is Donne’s view on women in “The Sun Rieing”?
Ans- To be exalted being.
77. Whose victory does George Herbert want to sing in “Easter Wing”?
Ans- Jesus Christ.
78. Who is the great lady mentioned in the Faerie Queene?
Ans- Queen Elizabeth.
79. What does the word Archimago mean?
Ans- Aech magician.
80. What will destroy the coyness of the beloved?
Ans- The worms in the grave.
81. What is Hell?
Ans- Hell is the place or stste of punishment of the wicked after death, the adobe of evil and condemned spirits.
82. In what sense, Donne’s love is platonic in the poem “Valediction: forbidding Muorning”?
Ans- Devoite of sublunary sensual.
83. How is the lady commiting a crime in “To His coy Mistress”?
Ans- By wasting time to responde to her lover.
84. How does the poet refute the pride of death?
Ans- By havinf a eternal sleep.
85. What is blank verse?
Ans- A kind of verse without rhyme especially the iambic pentameter.
86. What is “Ave-Mary”?
Ans- It means Hail Mary, the firts word of a Roman Catholic prayer to the Virgin Mary.