Prose Basic Information

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  • Prose

লেখক ও তার সাহিত্যকর্মের সংক্ষেপে পরিচিতি

The American Scholar

1. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 – 1882), Was an American essayist, lecturer, philosopher, abolitionist, and poet who led the transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century.

2. Published: 1837, to the Phi Beta Kappa Society of Harvard College in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

3. Style: Oration ( বক্তৃতা)

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4. Main Discussed topics: 

  • influence of nature, 
  • Influence of books
  • Influence of action
  • Duty of the American Scholar

5. Themes: Social Unity, Nature, and Connection, Creation and National Identity, 

6. Genre: Essay

Civil Disobedience

1. Henry David Thoreau (1817 -1862) was an American naturalist, essayist, poet, and philosopher. A leading transcendentalist.

2. Published: 1849

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3. Main Discussed topics;

  • Reasons for Civil Disobedience
  • Conception about government

4. Themes: Civil Disobedience, Individuality, law, government, non-violence movement.

5. Genre: Essay

Shakespeare’s Sister

1. Adeline Virginia Woolf (1882 – 1941) was an American short story writer, feminist, and essayist.

2. Published:1928

3. Genre: Feminist Essay

4. Themes: Feminism, Male domination, Education, and Literature

5. Discussed topics;

  • Reasons for women’s backwardness in literature
  • Story of Shakespeare’s Sister Judith

Tradition And Individual Talent

1. Thomas Stearns Eliot (1888 – 1965) was a poet, essayist, publisher, playwright, literary critic, and editor.

2. Published: 1919

3. Genre: Essay

4. Themes: Tradition, individual Talent, historical sense, and a function of past and present.

5. Discussed topics: 

  • Tradition
  • Individual Talent
  • Man thinking
  • Mare thinking
  • The idea of perfect literature
  • Criticism of romantic ideas and poets
  • Impersonal theory of poetry

Literature and Society

1. Frank Raymond,” F. R.” Leavis (1895 –1978) was an English literary critic.

2. Published date:1962

3. Genre: Essay

4. Themes: the relationship between literature and Society, Literature, individual Talent, society, Economics, Culture 

5. Discussed topics:

  • Relationship between literature and Society
  • Popular and Sophisticated Culture
  • Appreciation and criticism of several writers and ages.


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