Evaluate Robert Frost as a Poet of Nature. (বাংলায়)

Question: Evaluate Robert Frost as a poet of nature.

From a study of the characteristics of his poetry, we can form an idea about Robert Frost (1874-1963) as a poet of nature. Though he differs in his attitude towards nature from most of the nature poets like Wordsworth, Coleridge, or Keats, he shows an abundance of evidence for us to regard him as a poet of nature.

Various moods of nature: Robert Frost is a poet of nature, not in a single mood of nature but in various moods of nature. There is hardly any poem of Frost which does not declare several moods of nature. Especially his poems of “North of Boston” are replete with sundry moods of nature. Through the moods of nature, Frost especially represents different kinds of dramatic incidents of human life.  John F. Lynen says, “Even in Frost’s most cheerful sketches, there is always a bitter-sweet quality”. From this remark, we get that Frost’s natural depiction is versatile.

আরো পড়ুনঃAnalyze the Theme of the Poem “The Road Not Taken.”(বাংলায়)

“When I see birches bend to left and right

ইউটিউবে ভিডিও লেকচার দেখুনঃ

Across the lines of straighter darker trees,

I like to think some boy’s been swinging them.

But swinging doesn’t bend them down to stay

As ice-storms do.”

By the above lines, the poet means to limn that when nature is tame, the tree is normal; nature is stormy, and the tree has to tolerate much. Here we get two moods of nature at least.

Local and a regional poet of nature: Frost is found to be a poet of nature of the local and regional. The local and regional natural feature of his poetry is from the north of Boston. His descriptive power is the most wonderful thing in his poetry. The snowfall, bending trees and valley mist a brook from his own locality are depicted simply but bring a huge universal experience for the readers. He never describes nature as a spectacle only. In the poem “Birches”, Frost depicts the birch trees to uphold vividly their habit and how they meet a storm.

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Nature as a symbol of man’s revelation: The casual reader of Robert Frost‘s poetry may think that Frost is a poet of nature in the tradition of Wordsworth. In a sense, nature is his subject, but to Frost, it is never an impulse from a vernal fresh wood. His best poetry is concerned with the drama of man in nature. On the other hand, Wordsworth is generally best for emotionally displaying the wide scene or panorama of the natural world. Once, Frost himself said in a television interview, “I guess I am not a nature poet.” He said later, “I have only two poems without a human being in them.” Frost’s conception of the natural world is concerned with man’s relation to nature. By this sense, the poet means to say that the natural world is man’s revelation because different senses of nature are the symbolic meaning of human society and nature.

“Life is too much like a pathless wood”

আরো পড়ুনঃHow are the Rivers Mentioned in “The Negro Speaks of Rivers” Associated With the Negro Slavery? (বাংলায়)

By this line of the poem “Birches”, Frost has a unique insight into man’s revelation with nature.

Nature is both menace and a comfort: No other poet in the history of English literature is as illustrious as Frost because he treats nature as both a menace and a comfort. Nature is the mother and home of man, but it is at the same time utterly indifferent and even hostile to him. The readers get panorama or wide scenes of nature in his poems, such as dark woods, beaches, stars, frozen brooks and lakes, which are sometimes comfortable and a matter of fear. In the poem “Tree at My Window”, nature is sensational, but symbolically it expresses the menace of human nature.

“But tree, I have seen you taken and tossed,

And if you have seen me when I slept,

You have seen me when I was taken and swept

And all but lost.”

Besides, we can find out some other points as well.

  • Similarity and dissimilarity with Wordsworth.
  • Frost is a poet of nature in a cavalier fashion.
  • Ambivalent attitude to nature and so on.

In termination, it is said that Frost is a poet of nature not to serve only the beauty of nature but to uphold the philosophic aspects of nature related to community and human nature.

Robert Frost এর কবিতার বৈশিষ্টগুলি পর্যালোচনা করলে আমরা তাকে একজন প্রকৃতির কবি হিসেবেই দেখতে পারি। যদিও তিনি প্রচলিত প্রকৃতির কবিদের থেকে আলাদা ছিলেন।

Various Moods of Nature: ফ্রস্ট শুধুমাত্র একদিকদিয়ে প্রকৃতির কবি নন. তিনি তার প্রায় প্রতিটি কবিতায় প্রকৃতির একাধিক রূপ বর্ণনা করতেন। তার কবিতায় প্রকৃতি কখনো ঝড়ের রূপে আবার কখনো প্রশান্ত রূপ নিয়ে হাজির হয়.

Local and a Regional Poet of Nature: তিনি শুধুমাত্র দর্শকদের আনন্দ দেওয়ার জন্য প্রকৃতিকে চিত্রায়িত করেন নি বরং যুক্তির মাদ্ধমে তিনি প্রকৃতির সরূপ ব্যাখ্যা করেছেন। ‘Birches’ কবিতায় তিনি দেখিয়েছেন গাছগুলো কিবাভে ঝড়কে সহ্য করে.

Nature as a Symbol of Man’s Revelation: প্রকৃতিকে লেখক মানুষের ভাব প্রকাশের মাদ্ধমে হিসেবে তুলে ধরেছেন। তিনি এই ক্ষেত্রে রোমান্টিক কবি William Wordsworth এর চেয়ে ভিন্ন।

আরো পড়ুনঃWhy Did Frost Choose the Less Travelled Road?(বাংলায়)

Nature is Both Menace and a Comfort: প্রকৃতি শুধু মাত্র আনন্দের প্রতীক এ নয় বরং মানুষের দুঃখের ও কারণ হতে পারে। সাহিত্যের ইতিহাসে একমাত্র ফ্রস্ট এ এভাবে প্রকৃতিকে তুলে ধরেছেন। তিনি বলেছেন, ঝর্ণা, পাহাড়, নদী এই বিষয় গুল আনন্দের হলেও কখনো কখনো ভয়ঙ্কর রূপ ধারণ করে.

Besides, we can find out some other points as well.

  • Similarity and dissimilarity with Wordsworth
  • Frost is a poet of nature in a cavalier fashion.
  • Ambivalent attitude to nature and so on

পরিশেষে বলা  যায় ফ্রস্ট একজন প্রকৃতির কবি শুধু মাত্র প্রকৃতির সৌন্দর্যকে তুলে ধরার জন্যেই নয় বরং প্রকৃতির দার্শনিক দিকটিও তুলে ধরার জন্য।

Riya Akter
Riya Akter
Hey, This is Riya Akter Setu, B.A (Hons) & M.A in English from National University.


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