Writing Skills Brief Suggestion NU 1st Year


Q.1. What is writing?

Ans. Writing is the activity of composing a text.

Q.2. What is the five-step writing process? Or, Write down the names of stages of the writing process.

Ans. The five-step writing process is: Prewriting, Drafting, Revision, Editing and Publishing. 

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Q.3. What is proofreading?

Ans. Proofreading is the process of reading and correcting errors and mistakes in grammar, style, and spelling.

Q.4. What is editing?

Ans. Editing is the process of correcting and adapting a text.

Q.5. What is plagiarism?

Ans. Plagiarism is “the unauthorized use of the language and thoughts of another author and the representation of them as one’s own”.

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Q.6. What do you mean by drafting?

Ans. Drafting is a stage of the writing process during which a writer organizes information and ideas into sentences and paragraphs. 

Q.7. What is skimming?

Ans. Skimming is the process of reading with the purpose of getting only the main ideas and a general overview of a piece of writing.

Q.8. What are the three main stages in writing?

Ans. The three main stages in writing are: prewriting, writing and revising.

Q.9. What is brainstorming?

Ans. Brainstorming is a process for generating new ideas for writing a piece of text.

Q.10. What is bibliography?

Ans. Bibliography is a list of resources (books, websites, journals, papers, people, etc.) that a writer consulted during the process of writing.

Q.11. What is ‘context modulator”?

Ans. Context modulators are sentences that provide a smooth transition between two sets of ideas.

Q.12. What is Terminator in a writing composition?

Ans. Terminators are sentences that conclude the ideas in the paragraph and bring it to a close. 

Q.13. What is a contrast paragraph?

Ans. A contrast paragraph shows dissimilarities or differences between two persons, places, things, ideas, of situations. 

Q.14. What is a definition paragraph?

Ans. A definition paragraph explains a term or a subject Example, “Love”, “Patriotism” etc.

Q.15. What is a descriptive paragraph?

Ans. A descriptive paragraph is a paragraph that colourfully describes a person, place or thing. 

Q.16. What is an argumentative paragraph?

Ans. The argumentative paragraph is one in which the writer presents “reasons for or against something”. 

Q.17. What is an expository paragraph?

Ans. An expository paragraph is a paragraph that “exposes” information through facts and details. 

Q.18. What do you mean by drafting?

Ans. Drafting is a stage of the writing process during which a writer organizes information and ideas into sentences and paragraphs. 

Q.19. What are the stages of writing process?

Ans. The five-step writing process is: Prewriting, Drafting, Revision, Editing and Publishing. 

Q.20. What is a definition paragraph?

Ans. A definition paragraph explains a term or a subject. Example, “Love”, “Patriotism” etc

Q.21. Why are “discourse markers” needed in writing?

Ans. Discourse markers’ are needed in writing to maintain coherence in writing.

Q.22. What does the phrase “jotting down ideas” mean? 

Ans. ‘Jotting down ideas’ means writing ideas on a piece of paper so that we can remember it.

Q.23. What is the function of a “context modulator”?

Ans. The function of a context modulator is to provide a transition between two sets of ideas and to link them.

Q.24. What linkers are used in contrast paragraphs? 

Ans. But; however; nevertheless; unlike; on the other hand; yet; on the contrary; instead, etc.

Q.25. What is the developer of a paragraph?

Ans. The supporting sentences in the body of a paragraph are known as paragraph ‘developers’. 

Q.26. What is the thesis sentence? 

Ans. The main idea of an essay is expressed in the introductory paragraph. The sentence in which the main idea is expressed is called the thesis sentence.

Q.27. What is a paragraph?

Ans. A paragraph is a collection of related sentences dealing with one topic maintaining coherence and cohesion.

Q.28. What is a cause and effect paragraph?

Ans. A cause and effect paragraph is one that analyzes the causes or effects of a certain situation. 

Q.29. What is a topic sentence?

Ans: A topic sentence is a sentence that states the main idea of an entire paragraph. 

Q.30. Define coherence in writing.

Ans. Coherence means establishing a relationship between the ideas presented in writing. 

Q.31. What are the parts of an essay?

Ans. Traditionally, an essay is made up of three parts: (1) Introduction, (ii) the body and (iii) conclusion.

Q.32. Write down the names of four types of essays. 

Ans. There are four major types of essays: Narrative Essay; Descriptive Essay; Expository Essay and Persuasive Essay. Q.33. What is the difference between a topic sentence and a thesis statement?

Ans. A topic sentence guides a paragraph while a thesis statement guides an essay.

Q.34. What is a narrative essay?

Ans. A narrative essay is an essay that tells a story about a specific event or experience. 

Q.35. What is a descriptive essay?

Ans. A descriptive essay describes an object, person, place, experience, situation, etc. 

Q.36. What do you mean by expository essay? 

Ans. An expository essay is one that explains a topic in a logical manner..

Q.37. What is a persuasive essay?

Ans. A persuasive essay (also known as argument essay) is a piece of writing that convinces the reader to accept a certain viewpoint.

Q.38. What is an essay? 

Ans. An essay is a short piece of non-fiction writing that describes or clarifies or argues or analyzes a subject.

Q.39. What is a report?

Ans. A report is a spoken or written account of something that one has observed, heard, done, or investigated.

Q.40. What is the purpose of report writing?

Ans. The purpose of report writing is to convey some information to others. 

Q.41. What is a formal report?

Ans. A formal report is a document with more detail and content than the shorter report forms.

Q.42. What is an informal report?

Ans. An informal report is usually in the form of a person to person communication within an organization. 

Q.43. What is the purpose of a news report?

Ans. The purpose of a news report is to inform readers of what is happening in the world around them. 

Q.44. What is a survey report?

Ans. The survey report is a formal piece of writing based on research.

Q.45. What is a business report? 

Ans. A business report is a formal written document for a business purpose.

Q.46. What is the purpose of a business report? 

Ans. The purpose of a business report generally is to assist in decision making.

Q.47. For whom are news reports written?

Ans. News reports are written for the public. 

Q.48. What are the parts of a survey report?

Ans. The parts of a survey report are: Introduction, Body and Conclusion.

Q.49. What is a letter?

Ans. A letter is a written message from one person to another.

Q.50. How many parts are there in a formal letter? 

Ans. In a formal letter there are six parts.

Q.51. What are the parts of a formal letter?

Ans. The parts of a formal letter are: Heading, Inside address, Salutation, Body, Complimentary Close, and Signature.

Q.52. What is an informal letter?

Ans. An informal letter is a letter which is written to a friend or family.

Q.53. What is the purpose of minutes?

Ans. The purpose of minutes is to provide a permanent, and publicly accessible, record of what passed at a particular meeting.

Q.54. What is a claim/complaint letter? 

Ans. A letter written by a customer or a consumer to a company regarding a problem with a product or service is called complaint letter.

Q.55. What is deadline?

Ans. Deadline, in composition, is the latest time by which a writing project may be submitted to an editor or instructor for review or publication.

Q.56. What is bio-data?

Ans. Bio-data refers to information about a person.

Q.57. What is the American word for CV?

Ans. Resume

Q.58. What do you mean by Enclosure?

Ans. Enclosure is used at the end of a letter when other papers are included with the letter.

Q.59. What is a D.O. Letter?

Ans. D.O. stands for Demi Official. It is a kind of letter that is used in correspondence between government officers to draw personal attention of the addressee officer.

Q.60. What is the letterhead?

Ans. Letterhead refers to the name and address of an organization.

Q.61. What does CV stand for? 

Ans. CV stands for curriculum vitae.

Q.62. What is a cover letter?

Ans. The cover letter is a brief, formal letter that accompanies another document which is sent to the recipient.

Q.63. What is a formal letter?

Ans. A formal letter is a letter written to a business, a college, or any professionals that are not considered friends or family. Formal letters are used for official and business purposes. 

Q.64. What is a notice?

Ans. A notice is a written or printed announcement giving information that something is going to happen. 

Q.65. What is the aim of a notice? 

Ans. The purpose of a notice is to announce or display information to a specific group of people.

Q.66. To whom memos are written? 

Ans. Memos can be written both to the junior and to the senior and even to the employees of equal rank.

Q.67. What are the basic three plans of memo writing? 

Ans. The basic three plans of memo writing are: Direct Plat Indirect Plan and Combination Approach.

Q.68. What is the purpose of a memo? 

Ans. The purpose of a memo is to convey important information efficiently.

Q.69. What is a case?

Ans. ‘Case’ means a current file or a receipt together with other related papers, if any.

Q.70. What is a ‘file’?

Ans. ‘File’ means a collection of papers arranged chronologically on a specific subject matter assigned a file number and consisting of the following parts:

(a) Notes

(b) Correspondence

(c) Appendix to notes 

(d) Appendix to correspondence

Q.71. What is embargo date?

Ans. An embargo is that a piece of news or information will not be published before a stated time and date.

Q.72. What are minutes? Or, Define minutes?

Ans. Minutes are an official record of what is said and decided in a meeting. 


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